If a page has Dynamic Routes and uses getStaticProps, it needs to define a list of paths to be statically generated.

When you export a function called getStaticPaths (Static Site Generation) from a page that uses dynamic routes, Next.js will statically pre-render all the paths specified by getStaticPaths.

export async function getStaticPaths() {
  return {
    paths: [
      { params: { ... } }
    fallback: true // false or 'blocking'

getStaticPaths must be used with getStaticProps. You cannot use it with getServerSideProps.

The getStaticPaths API reference covers all parameters and props that can be used with getStaticPaths.

When should I use getStaticPaths?

You should use getStaticPaths if you’re statically pre-rendering pages that use dynamic routes and:

  • The data comes from a headless CMS
  • The data comes from a database
  • The data comes from the filesystem
  • The data can be publicly cached (not user-specific)
  • The page must be pre-rendered (for SEO) and be very fast — getStaticProps generates HTML and JSON files, both of which can be cached by a CDN for performance

When does getStaticPaths run

getStaticPaths will only run during build in production, it will not be called during runtime. You can validate code written inside getStaticPaths is removed from the client-side bundle with this tool.

  • getStaticProps runs during next build for any paths returned during build
  • getStaticProps runs in the background when using fallback: true
  • getStaticProps is called before initial render when using fallback: blocking

Where can I use getStaticPaths

getStaticPaths can only be exported from a dynamic route that also uses getStaticProps. You cannot export it from non-page files e.g. from your components folder.

Note that you must use export getStaticPaths as a standalone function — it will not work if you add getStaticPaths as a property of the page component.

Runs on every request in development

In development (next dev), getStaticPaths will be called on every request.


For more information on what to do next, we recommend the following sections: